If you have custody of your children and just got divorced, there are some changes on your taxes this year. This complete tax guide for divorcees outlines some of the most common issues.
Your Marital Status
If you were not separated or divorced on December 31st, you still file as married for that year. Once your divorce is final, you file as “divorced,” but until then, use “separated.”
Notify CRA by the end of the month after your divorce is final. For example, if your divorce is final in May, notify them by the end of June. The options to notify CRA are
- Use My Account on the CRA website
- Call the toll-free phone number 1-800-387-1193
- Complete and mail Form RC65, Marital Status Change
It’s crucial to let CRA know about your marital status change quickly. That way, they can then determine your eligibility for Canada Child Benefit, GST/HST credit and any provincial benefits. Since your family income drops by the amount of your ex-spouse’s income, you’ll probably receive more government benefits.
See more ‘CRA’s My Account‘
Legal fees for collecting child and spousal support are a deduction on your tax return. Collecting late support or attempting to increase support payments have deductible legal fees, too.
Legal fees for preparing the separation and divorce agreements and establishing custody are not tax-deductible.
Child support is usually non-taxable, but spousal support (alimony) often is taxable, so claim it as income on your return.
Equivalent to Spouse Credit
You may claim your child as your “eligible dependent” or “equivalent to spouse” credit. This large credit applies to one qualifying child. You can change which child you choose each year. Any taxable income the child earns is deducted dollar for dollar from the credit. So, designate a younger child.
A Final Note
If your ex-spouse tries to claim these deductions, CRA sends letters to both of you. Then, the one that proves custody claims the credits.
Divorce changes more than just your taxes, and this complete tax guide for divorcees is just a start. Easy-to-use CloudTax walks you through your tax preparation step-by-step, so you don’t miss a thing.